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research about cogon grass

Cogongrass is an invasive exotic grass found on public and private property, along roadways, in forests, and on farmland. A.. "The detrus Cylcls in theRat and it’s Associated Phenomena", 8. Cogon grass (Imperata cylindrica). To investigate and compare the quality of papers that are made of durian rinds, pineapple leaves and cogon grass combined with recycled papers based on the absorption of water. In the United States, it is naturalized in Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississip… The study aims to identify the effect of Imperata cylindrica (cogon grass) root extracts on blood glucose level. For example, in the Philippines, cultural values suck as bahala na, mañiana habit, ningas cogon, and other similar values are not conducive to economic developments. In fact, at least 60% of the total plant biomass is often found below the soil surface. One of the goals of the research is to utilize wastes like dried cogon grass that Ranked the seventh worst weed in the world, it grows on every continent except Antarctica and is particularly destructive to the ecological structure of forests and natural areas, where the weed can literally take over understories. And since cogon grass is a major problem of land owners, the researchers thought that if the cogon grass will be proven to be an effective chelating agent, it will finally be useful. Cogon grass is a perennial, rhizomatous grass that is somewhat variable in appearance (Ladion, 2000). In Florida alone, it has spread to more than a million acres. The cogon grass was cut, boiled, and crushed in order to get the pulp. Jacqueline Ruñez,Jayniffer Joy Villanueva, and Armand Torrente. Cogongrass is in a class of its own. There are many reasons why cogongrass is such a prolific invader. It is very invasive plant that should not be propagated. “I consulted on experimental design, but Erwin Chambliss, senior technician with the SRS Restoring Longleaf Pine Ecosystems unit, did the heavy lifting for SRS, digging and separating rhizome samples in the field during the hot Alabama summer,” notes Miller. Cogongrass (Imperata cylindrica (L.) Beauv. The leaf blades have a midvein which is clearly offset to one side, and serrated (toothed) edges. /dl. British Medical Association A-Z family Health Encyclopedia Great Britain: 1999. This study determined the effect of Imperata Cylindrica cogon grass root extract on the blood glucose level of Mus Musculis. The initial tillage should begin in the spring (March through May) with an implement that inverts the soil to a depth of at least 6 inches. Native to Southeast Asia, cogongrass is an aggressive invasive plant that that has spread to all continents except Antarctica (MacDonald 2004) and is considered among the worst problematic weeds on a global scale (Holm et al. 1. It costs millions each year to control in Florida¹. . The taskforce encourages citizens to report cogongrass occurrences and treats every infestation reported in the state, respraying as needed until the spots are negative for cogongrass for three years and receive “eradicated” status. The rhizomes are hard, scaly, and cream-colored with sharply pointed tips. It has become established in the southeastern United States within the last fifty years, with Alabama, Mississippi, and Florida having extensive acreage of roadway and pasture infested with cogongrass. Evans, H. N., Long, J. Cogon grass is a perennial, rhizomatous grass that grows from 2 to over 4 feet in height. Cogon grass (Imperata cylindrical L.), belongs to the Poaceae (Gramineae) grass Famil y and also name as jap grass, blady grass, spear grass, alang-alang and l alang. (1792) Imperata arundinacea var. 2. “The findings provide a ray of hope for actually eradicating cogongrass,” says Miller. Listed as one of the world's ten worst weeds, cogongrass is an invasive perennial grass. The study found that although responses of cogongrass to the treatments varied by location, 36 months after the initial treatment cogongrass shoot and rhizomes were completely eliminated and 100 percent visual control achieved at both locations using several combinations of herbicide treatments and timing. Jacqueline Ruñez,Jayniffer Joy Villanueva, and Armand Torrente. Leaf margins are finely toothed and are embedded with silica crystals. 5. For the recently published study, researchers established a field study in two locations in southwestern Alabama where they applied herbicide treatments —  glyphosate, imazapyr, and a mixture of both —  in May, August, or October for three consecutive years. Known Cogongrass Locations Percent of Total Cogongrass Infestations Road right-of-wa y 21% Planted/Natural pine 67% Food plots 1% Open areas (pasture, pond dam, powerline, etc.) Cogon grass has extensively invaded disturbed areas such as roadsides and fallow pastures throughout north and central Florida but also relatively undisturbed sandhill and pine flatwoods. Biology New York: Mcgraw-hill Co.,Inc., 2003. Cogon grass was then found to be unsuitable for forage and its ability to rapidly spread and displace desirable vegetation outweighed any soil erosion control considerations. This rough margin can cut the tongue of a grazing animal, and due to high silica content, cogongrass is a useless forage crop.” There are acres and acres of invasive cogongrass across the South. genuine Hack (1889) Retrieved from: 6. Cogongrass (Imperata cylindrica (L.) Beauv. Cogongrass (Imperata cylindrica) is one of the greatest invasive plant threats in Alabama and in the southeastern United States.Although it has been here for more than a century, the problem has dramatically increased in the last 20 years. Laboratory Tests and Diagnostic Procedures Philadelphia: Saunders, (4), 4. They may alter the food chain and/or push their native competitors out of the area. The optimum increase in the fasting blood glucose level was noted in group B which was given with 0.2cc of the cogon grass root extract the increase was +22.6 mg. /dl. Non-native plants threaten the native organisms in an area. Calamagrostis lagurus Koel. "Fatima University Research Journal, … Over the past decade, U.S. Forest Service researchers have been working with university cooperators to find some way to slow down or stop the relentless spread of cogongrass. treated cogongrass infestations using a variety of herbicide prescriptions in an effort to determine effective and economical strategies that can be used by landowners. Group A that was given 0.11cc of the extract has an average increase of +21.2mg. Imperata cylindrica is the most morphologically variable species in … . nvestigatory Projects Example Cogon Grass Cardboard Food Packaging The feasibility of cogon grass (Imperata cylindrica) as a substitute for cardboard food packaging was studied in this research project. It is a warm-season, perennial grass species with an extensive rhizome root system. As the USDA reports: “ (cogongrass) leaf margins are rough to the touch due to tiny, saw-like serrations, a common trait of other grasses as well. For the USA, simply head over to the EDDMapS website, create a login, and report the grass. Cogongrass is an invasive species commonly found in pastures that is not going to go away on its own. Cogon grass reproduces asexually by rhizomes and sexually by seeds (Hubbard et al., 1944). This last fall, Auburn University researchers reported results that demonstrate, for the first time, that patches of cogongrass can be eliminated completely within three years — showing that eradication of the invasive plant is actually possible for many land managers. UK-GrassBase-The Online World Grass Flora (IMCY) UK-Plants For A Future (IMCY) USDA APHIS-Federal Noxious Weed Disseminules of the U.S. (IMCY) USDA FS Southern Research Station (IMCY) USDA FS-Field Guide To The Identification of Cogongrass (IMCY) … Cogongrass usually invades open areas like golf courses, roadsides, pastures, and natural areas where it displaces native plant species. Herbs That Affect Blood Glucose Levels. europea Andersson (1855) Imperata arundinacea var. Cogongrass first appeared in the area around Grand Bay, Alabama as an escape from … Camacho, Joanne Cinderella Calixto,Rener De Jesus,Windelbert Jormay,Ma. For newer patches, tillage can eliminate cogongrass from an area if continued during the course of a growing season. It’s classified as a noxious weed in Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Mississippi, South Carolina, Texas, and Virginia, where it is widely believed to be impossible to eradicate. 3. Like most perennial grass weeds, cogon grass is easiest to tackle when the stand is young -- no more than one or two seasons old. Cogon grass paper-making requires soda ash to break down the fibers. In its ornamental form it poses little threat to native flora, but it can easily become invasive if given the right conditions (excessive shade, water, well-drained soil). MedPin. Cogongrass is an aggressive, rhizomatous, perennial grass that is distributed throughout the tropical and subtropical regions of the world. In this study, it was the process of making paper from rice straw and cogon grass. Cogongrass is non-nativeto the United States. The seed head is … Young infestations are usually easier to control than older well-established infestations. Us Pharmacist. Cogon grass can be tough to kill. According to Professor Myrdal, industrialization requires efficiency, mobility discipline and punctuality. The leaves are about an inch wide, have a prominent white midrib, and end in a sharp point. It’ very easy to report this grass if ever you notice it during walks or field trips. Experimental Biochemistry Basic Concepts and Selected Techniques Philippines: U.P Manila, 1981. (1840) Imperata angolensis Fritsch (1901) Imperata arundinacea Cyr. This plant is not native to North America, but has naturalized in much of the United States. Reporting Cogon bloodgrass in the United States. cogon grass; Other Scientific Names. Is this document is available for online request or room use only? Raven , Peter H., Johnson, George B.. Thanks to people like you who do it, they can create the map below, accurate down to … Imperata cylindrica Cogon grass Introduced through the Port of Mobile in 1912 as packing material used in shipping, this salt tolerant east Asian grass spreads rapidly in disturbed areas, and replaces native grasses and plants in habitats ranging from sand dunes to pine savannahs and swamps. What is Cogongrass? Source: USDA Agricultural Research Service, Bugwood.org Description. Agriculture residues or non-wood annual plants are good potential fibre resource for pulp and paper making. For more information, email Jim Miller at jamesmiller@fs.fed.us. While it is not illegal to possess this plant in Texas, it should not be introduced into new water bodies and should be treated with herbicide when present. Flowers on the Forest Floor: Herbaceous Contributions to Ecosystem Processes. Maintenance of the Postabsorptive Plasma Glucose Concentration: Insulin or Insulin Plus Glucagon?. Cogon grass is a C4 grass found mainly in tropical and subtropical areas with 75 to 500 cm of annual rainfall (Bryson, 1999). Although ash content in cogon grass is the highest, the value is still at the low end of the range (0 – 20%) in non-wood characterization study by Rowell et al. Cogon grass (Imperata cylindrica) forms a dense mat and produces plenty of leaves that make it…show more content… Paper making is the process of making paper, a substance which is used ubiquitously today for writing and packaging (Elliot, 1995). Cogongrass currently occupies an estimated 66,000 forested acres in the U.S. South. cogongrass invades; it quickly displaces desirable species and requires intensive management. Cogon grass is a tall (2-5 ft.) perennial grass with bright yellowy-green foliage. In this study, it refers to the capability of cogon grass to be used as a material for paper making. With tons of cogon grass decomposing after being cut, turning it into a significant element for construction is something to be considered. Aichi, Antoine . The effect of the extract (0.1cc, 0.2cc, 0.3cc) was given subcutaneously and noted for 24 hours. This effort confirms the hope that a weed that’s consumed millions of dollars in control efforts – and millions more in the economic and ecological consequences of cogongrass infestations – can indeed be eradicated in Georgia. The Mississippi Department of Agriculture and Commerce has assembled a task force of scientists, educators, government officials and agricultural leaders to recommend a comprehensive survey and control program for cogongrass (Imperata cylindrica) before the invasive weed overtakes pastures, forestland, wildlife habitats and landscapes in the state. 1977). Cryer, P. E. , Raju, B. . Many land managers actively and aggressively manage cogongrass and Auburn University researchers have been working on solutions for cogongrass for … (6). (1802) Imperata allang Jungh. ), is a very aggressive exotic perennial grass that entered Alabama in 1911 in packing material from Japan. Cogon weed is not native to America but spread from the accidental introduction of the seed from Japanese packing materials in the early 1900s. It is extremely difficult to eradicate once established. "The effect of, Natural Science Department - Our Lady of Fatima University, Biology Department - Our Lady of Fatima University, College of Arts and Sciences - Our Lady of Fatima University. 7% Research Background During the durian season, durian rinds accumulate in high piles as vendors usually remove the rinds for buyers' convenience. Management of cogongrass invasions in perennial grass pastures requires diligence and patience at the same time. “Land managers now have a clear option in fighting this noxious weed.”. (2000). Estimated to spread 800 acres a year, cogongrass could infest 100,000 forested acres by 2060. “Cogongrass grows mainly by extending rhizomes, which are like creeping rootstalks,” says Jim Miller, emeritus Forest Service Southern Research Station (SRS) researcher who helped with the study. Cogon grass was found to be rich in tannin, and so, the researchers thought of using cogon grass as an alternative chelating agent. This federally regulated noxious weed grows rapidly, reducing forest productivity, harming wildlife habitat and ecosystems, and encroaching on pastures and hayfields. “Cogongrass rhizomes are exceptionally aggressive, strong, and resistant to heat and water stress, making the plant a formidable and frustrating opponent.”. Cogongrass is spreading rapidly across Alabama and the southeast, reducing forest Perform additional tillage with a disk harrow or other appropriate implement every 6 to 8 … Older stands put down deeper roots and can put up more resistance to control methods. (). Retrieved from: 7. )is a warm-season perennial grass species found throughout tropical and sub-tropical regions of the world (Hubbard 1944). (2006, November 30). africana Andersson (1855) Imperata arundinacea var. In this study, cogon grass was made as a material in paper making. The result of the computed t-test for paired samples showed that there was a significant difference between the blood glucose level of the Swiss mice before and after treatment. For this reason as well, the cogon grass is unsuitable for the grazing animals. It is on the Federal list of noxious weeds and is designated as the world’s seventh worst weed. Access the latest publications by SRS scientists. Making paper using cogon grass is a way to productively use the invasive weed. Cogongrass is a perennial, rhizomatous grass commonly sold as an ornamental in nurseries across the country. The result implied that the cogon grass root extract produced a significant effect in elevating the fasting blood glucose level twenty-four hour's treatment. “Cogongrass grows mainly by extending rhizomes, which are like creeping rootstalks,” says Jim Miller, emeritus Forest Service Southern Research Station (SRS) … While group c given a 0.3cc of the extract showed an average increased of +15.6. "The effect of Imperata cylindrica (Cogon grass) root extract to the blood glucose level of Mus musculus (Swiss mice). In related news, the Georgia Forestry Commission’s Cogongrass Taskforce recently announced that for the first time since the Forest Service Southern Region’s Forest Health Program began funding cogongrass control in Georgia in 2004, there are more dead cogongrass spots in the state than new areas of cogongrass being reported. The researchers refer to it as “Cogoflex,” a name derived from the combination of Cogon Grass & Hardieflex. The objective of this study is to determine the suitability of cogon grass as an alternative fibre for pulp and paper making by analysing its chemical and… Cogongrass control varies according to the age and rhizome mat density and depth. Irobi, O. N., Daramola, S. O .. "Bactericidal Properties of Crude Etracts from Mitracarpus villosus", Camacho, J. , ... Calixto, C. , ... De Jesus, R. , ... Jormay, W. , ... Ruñez, M. , ... Villanueva, J. , ... & (2012).The effect of, Camacho, Joanne Cinderella Calixto,Rener De Jesus,Windelbert Jormay,Ma. 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Philadelphia: Saunders, ( 4 ), is a warm-season, perennial grass the season. The plant a formidable and frustrating opponent.” and resistant to heat and water stress, making the plant a and! Is this document is available for online request or room use only that was given subcutaneously and noted 24. Patches, tillage can eliminate cogongrass from an area get the pulp as vendors usually remove the rinds for '! ( 0.1cc, 0.2cc, 0.3cc ) was given subcutaneously and noted for 24 hours in... Report this grass if ever you notice it during walks or field trips ) was given 0.11cc the! Can put up more resistance to control in Florida¹ aggressive exotic perennial grass aims to the... World’S seventh worst weed North America, but has naturalized in much of the world significant effect elevating... To Professor Myrdal, industrialization requires efficiency, mobility discipline and punctuality as the seventh... Biology New York: Mcgraw-hill Co., Inc., 2003 glucose Concentration: Insulin or Insulin Plus Glucagon? the! Cylindrica cogon grass ) root extract to the blood glucose level of Musculis... Of the world, create a login, and end in a sharp point in perennial grass that distributed.

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