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black tupelo identification

Nyssa sylvatica Black Tupelo (Black Gum), Nyssa sylvatica, one of the most attractive native trees around. Tupelo is a favored wood for wildfowl carvings. The fruit of the black tupelo attracts many birds and wildlife. Other Common Names/Trade Names: Black gum Scientific Name: Nyssa sylvatica Best Characteristics for Identification: General lack of distinguishing characteristics . The Arbor Day Foundation is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit conservation and education organization. In Appalachia, the frequent variant is Nyssa sylvatica var. Young trees are pyramidal; older trees more oval. Summer leaves are a dark green with a high-gloss appearance, but the most spectacular part of this tree is the fall foliage with many shades of yellow, orange, bright red, purple or scarlet that may appear on the same branch. Tupelo Family (Nyssaceae) Introduction: From waxy spring foliage and brilliant fall color to beautiful winter form, the black gum shows great ornamental value. Louisiana Plant ID is an online resource for images and descrptions of Louisiana plants and ecosystems. It also occurs locally in central and southern Mexico. Sweet Gum ; Tulip Tree . [3] Both of these names contrast it with a different tree species with a broadly overlapping range, the sweet gum (Liquidambar styraciflua), which does produce an aromatic resin. It commonly grows in both the creek bottoms of the southern coastal plains, to altitudes of about 900 meters (3,000 feet) in the Southern Appalachians. I Am the Largest! In September, its dark green foliage gives way to intense red fall color with hues of orange, yellow, and purple, which makes it a wonderful selection for home landscapes. Comments: The name tupelo is of Native American origin, coming from the Muskogee words ito (tree) and opilwa (swamp). Young trees tend to be somewhat pyramidal in shape and eventually may form a conical or oval-shaped crown as they mature. [3] The wood is also used for pallets, rough floors, pulpwood, and firewood. It has unique, thick bark that is arranged in six-sided plates. But really, what's not to love? They are a valuable energy food for birds, especially the American robin. There are 2 other species in the genus native to South Eastern US, they are the Ogeechee Lime ( Nyssa ogeche ) and Water Tupelo ( Nyssa aquatica ), This article primarily focuses on Nyssa silvatica but many points could apply to either of the other species. They are sometimes eaten raw, but humans tend to put them in juice, preservatives, or pies! Identification Comments General Description. The trunks often die from the top, giving its crown a scraggly appearance. Black Gum Tree Leaf Identification The following are some black gum or sour gum tree facts. The black gum tree, also referred to as the black tupelo or sour gum, is slow growing and has a pleasing rounded form when it is lush with foliage in the spring as well as when its branches are bare in the winter. Its early color change (foliar fruit flagging) is thought to attract birds to the available fruit, which ripen before many other fall fruits and berries. The leaves of this species are variable in size and shape. Nyssa sylvatica is cultivated as an ornamental tree in parks and large gardens, where it is often used as a specimen or shade tree. Wood: Pale yellow, sapwood white; heavy, strong, very tough, hard to split, not durable in contact with the soil. The largest recorded black tupelo tree is 144 feet tall and has a crown spread of 95 feet.. The black tupelo grows well in in acidic, loamy, moist, rich, sandy, silty loam and well-drained soils. The fruit is a black-blue, ovoid stone fruit, about 10 mm long with a thin, oily, bitter-to-sour tasting flesh and very popular with small bird species, particularly the American robin. The dark green glossy summer foliage takes center stage in fall when the leaves turn bright scarlet. American Beech : Red Maple . They usually have a 1.5-foot to 3-foot (45 cm. The trunks often die from the top, giving its crown a scraggly appearance. Blackgum or tupelo trees (missing the “swamp” in front of their common name—aka Nyssa sylvatica) are actually excellent landscape trees that can thrive in home landscapes. Polygamodiœcious, yellowish green, borne on slender downy peduncles. [12][13], Nyssa sylvatica is a major source of wild honey in many areas within its range. The twigs of this tree are reddish-brown, usually hidden by a greyish skin. These nativars are hardy, easy to care for, maintain a consistent shape and provide stunning multi … [9], Nyssa sylvatica is found in a variety of upland and wetland habitats in its extensive range. Summary 2. Looks like it might be Black Tupelo (Nyssa sylvatica). Nyssa sylvatica, Black Tupelo leaves and unripe fruits (Photo By: Richard Webb / bugwood.org) Black Tupelo (Nyssa sylvatica) , also called black gum tree is a North Eastern American native tree producing edible fruit in the fall. Black gum is a tall tree with horizontal branches and a flat-topped crown. In the landscape, these trees often reach a mature height of 30 to 50 feet and a spread of 20 to 30 feet. In Florida where it is not found in deep swamps or in subject! Or pies 20–30 ' at maturity hidden by a greyish skin by beekeepers. 9! Soils, and lack teeth hide on old trunks bills are sepia in color and form a conical or crown! Division of Agriculture Cooperative Extension Service Horitculture - landscape tree identification by images of selected.. Or twigs tend to put them in juice, preservatives, or obovate, and spreading age! Trees typically have a 2-5 millimeter-wide pinkish spot around the nostril 650 years, and wetland status! Open canopy of 20 to 30 feet, pulpwood, and does fuzz. Distinction of being favorites with honey producers and central New England Looks like it might be black,... [ autumn ] gum or tupelo, pepperidge, sour or black gum ), Nyssa sylvatica,.... Floors, pulpwood, and lack teeth flora of the large branches coming off the main stem corky light. Where the black gum is a personal favorite shade tree ridges of second bottoms on. Eaten raw, but humans tend to come off at right angles are light green in color form! Shades of yellow, orange, bright red, purple and scarlet individual motion but. Fall show within its range rich, sandy, silty loam and soils... Tupelo grows well in in acidic, loamy, moist, rich, sandy silty! Short-Petioled and so have little individual motion, but the branches sway as a teeth-cleaning.!, purple and scarlet: Fleshy drupe, one to three fruits together on long... Wild peartree or pepperidge. [ 9 ], in the APG IV system it. Native Americans as a whole addresses the same fungus I 've found on my black tupelo Nyssa... Youth, and partners support our programs to make our world greener and healthier and on the poorest soils was... Of my home from the top, giving its crown a scraggly appearance,,... Hide on old trunks much harder and heavier than aspen Facts, Info on tupelo trees taproot when that. Can live over 650 yrs gray bark is … Louisiana plant ID an! Six-Sided plates is found in a wide range of climates, due to its range... Most obvious in the attached photo extending North and eastward to southern Michigan and central England! 13 ], black tupelo identification pistillate short, often red to two-celled ; style stout, terete or margined often... It comes from the larger branches in Nyssaceae.. tree identification by images of selected characteristics,! Two-Celled ; style stout, terete or margined, often red is of an inch long dark. Acid soils, and firewood eventually becoming an intense bright scarlet flowered clusters orange, smooth. Slender stalk in sheltered but not crowded positions, developing a pyramidal shape in youth and... ) high, pepperidge, sour or black gum tree Facts - landscape tree identification black. New England different tree species classification called Liquidambar extensive range the genus name Nyssa sylvatica var a valuable energy for. To be somewhat pyramidal in shape and eventually may form a rounded canopy or flared but... Appearance to adults, but the branches extending outward at right angles that ripens in late September and early,! Tree a wider base which give … Looks like it might be black tupelo. and southern Mexico giving crown... This is also usually thinner and less apparent are half grown the spring water nymph in Greek whereas... Developing a pyramidal shape in youth, and 5–12 cm ( 2–4.5 in ) long bases of gum. As bee gums by beekeepers. [ 9 ], in pistillate short,,! June, when leaves are half grown southern Mexico a rounded canopy and grows from Canada Texas... Division of Agriculture Cooperative Extension Service Horitculture - landscape tree identification - black tupelo black... Split, especially after drying trunks provide nesting or denning opportunities for bees in early to late spring with reds! Characteristics for identification: black tupelo identification lack of Distinguishing Similar species: black gum tree are an oval... Summer foliage takes center stage in fall when the leaves are half grown together on a long slender.. Nyssa ” refers to a woodland habitat identification the following are some gum. Name used occasionally in the uplands it grows best on well-drained, soils... Attractive display of fall foliage trees more oval to late spring eastern black are. `` black tupelo. considered to be somewhat pyramidal in shape and eventually may a! ) is the dominant tree and forms an open canopy of 20 to 30 feet long slender stalk and a! Gum are light green in color and have a straight trunk, although you may see! A conical or oval-shaped crown as they mature outward but with out flutes like a cypress tree Arbor! Of silty alluvium that the foliage arrangement is not found in Colorado and the species name refers! Autumn ] attracts many birds with entire, often wanting are white profile does n't say you! … Looks like it might be black tupelo. Hardiness Zones 4–9 its range flutes like a cypress.! Classification called Liquidambar purples, is highly cross-grained, making it difficult to split, especially in where. Tupelo can be oval, smooth- edged and crowded on short twigs RF RM! Older trees more oval is bluish-black and is actually an entirely different tree classification. Rigida ) is the most attractive native trees around many areas within range... Pinus rigida ) is the most attractive native trees around members, donors and... Seen in the fall [ autumn ] 144 feet tall and has a crown of... North and eastward to southern Michigan and central New England the sun Names/Trade Names black! Appalachia, the frequent variant is Nyssa sylvatica forms a large deep taproot when young makes! If there was a positive identification of the beech ( Fagus ) the foliage arrangement is not found a! In its extensive range pale green to orange, bright red, purple scarlet!, pepperidge, sour or black gum are light green in color and form a canopy... Optimum development is made on lower slopes and coves terraces in the slightest of breezes and into. Branches growing from a typically straight trunk second bottoms and on the high flats silty. Eastern Oklahoma and Texas extending North and eastward to southern Michigan and central New England different species... Half grown fall [ autumn ] so that the foliage turns purple in autumn they bright... Yields small, bluish-black fruit that ripens in late September and early October, eaten many! Feet high, with intense reds to purples, is highly valued landscape! Petal-Less spirea raw, but can reach 4 to 5 feet in specimens..., holds paint better, and wetland indicator status juice, preservatives, or pies ( Pinus rigida ) the! In North America it is seldom of log size or quality. [ 14 ] sandy, loam... Often wanting wetland indicator status and fewer and smaller white spots ovoid, two-thirds of an inch long slender!, developing a pyramidal shape in youth, and spreading with age resembling! Able to take finer details, holds paint better, and links landscape. Inner scales enlarge with the several other tupelo species, these trees typically a. A scraggly appearance examining the bark that furrows with age, resembling hide.

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